A magnificent series of domes and semi-domes, six slender minarets sprouting from the corners of the mosque, a spacious courtyard, and finally its grand yet elegant proportions make the Blue Mosque one of the architectural marvels of the world.
Hippodrome and Obelisks
The ancient Hippodrome, the scene of chariot races and the centre of Byzantine civil life, stands in the open space in front of the Blue Mosque.
Haghia Sophia Museum
Haghia Sophia was built at the command of Emperor Justinian in the years 532 to 537. The courtyard of Haghia Sophia contains a number of minor but fascinating Ottoman structures.
The Grand Bazaar was built at the command of Fatih Mehmet shortly after the Conquest. It contains 4399 shops, 2195 workshops, 497 stalls and 18 fountains.
As the administrative centre, for nearly 400 years, for the Ottoman Empire, which was one of the greatest empires of the world, Topkapi Palace is certainly the most important historical site to be visited in Istanbul. It is also one of the most frequently visited museums of Europe with more than 2.5 million visitors per year.
In 1461, less than ten years after the Conquest, Fatih Mehmet ordered the construction of Topkapi Sarayi a palace that would be known as Dar-us Saadet, the “House of Felicity”. Topkapi Sarayi remained the seat of the Ottoman Sultans until 1868, when Abdülmecit I moved to the European-style Dolmabahçe Palace farther up the Bosphorus.
Suleymaniye is without question one of the greatest works of its architect, Sinan. Building began in 1550 and the mosque was completed in 1557, with two more years required in order to finish the entire complex (kulliye).
Drive along the Golden Horn by the Roman Land walls and Churches of Byzantine Period.
This covered market is the attractive L-shaped building to the south-west of the Yeni Cami. Its English name survives from the time when the market specialised in the sale of spices and herbs, as well as medicinal plants and drugs.
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