Ephesus is one of the most well preserved ancient cities in the world and a major highlight of a visit Turkey. So if you are short for time, the Ephesus and Temple of Artemis half day tour is the perfect trip for you! You will get to see the main highlights of the second largest ancient city in the world, all the while learning about the incredible history of the region with a knowledgeable and friendly guide.
Ancient City of Ephesus
We will explore the best preserved marble ruins of the ancient capital of Roman Asia, as well as the 25,000 seat Great Theatre. Hopefully we have a singer in the group to let us imagine what it was like to attend the theatre in ancient times.
Ephesus, once the most important commercial centre of western Anatolia, was established as a port on the mouth of the river Cayster. Being located on a strategic trade route in Anatolia, Ephesus quickly became one of the most important cities in the world.
The city itself and the ruins are all on the side of a fertile valley. The extensive ruins include a theatre, library and gymnasium.
Temple Of Artemis
The next stop if the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient world. It has been built in the areas of Ephesus, which has over the centuries turned into swamps. Today one can only see the ruins of the foundations of this incredible construction of the Hellenistic Age, entirely made of marble and full of sculptured columns capitals and shafts.
Some of the most beautiful remaining parts of this temple are today exhibited in the London British Museum. The oldest remaining relics date back to the 6th century BC, when it was surrounded by 36 huge columns, later enlarged upon the orders of the Lydian King, Kreisos, during the 6th century BC. Most of the exhibits in the London British Museum belong to this period.
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